LabHCTS: Society for Social Studies of Science (4S), 2018 Sydney, Australia, August 29 – September 1, 2018 Sydney International Convention Center and MAAS Powerhouse Museum Conference theme: TRANSnational STS.

Detalles e informaciones del programa en: https://4s2018sydney.org/

Delegadxs participantes del Laboratorio de Historia de la Ciencia, Tecnología y Sociedad.

Women, stars and science of the south. Female astronomers in Chile at the beginning of the 20th century.

  • In Event: Latin American Science, Technology and Society: Women, Gender, and Sexuality Issues 2

Sat, September 1, 11:00am to 12:30pm, ICC, E5.9

Abstract

The historical study on the contribution of women to science and technology has been addressed in recent decades, questioning the role of historians because of their gender bias, excluding the contributions of women in their studies. These have been included only if they were famous influential scientists (Easlea, 1981 Alic, 1986; Harding, 1991; Haraway, 1995). In the case of astronomy, studies on the history of astrophysics in particular have made it possible to know the contribution of women in European and North American observatories (Kistiakowsky, 1979, Rossiter, 1984, Pérez and Kiczkowski, 2010). However, we do not know about South American female astronomers, calculus scientists and astrophysicists, who have been excluded from the local histories of these scientific institutions. This often occurred because their contributions have not been included in institutional reports or scientific publications. Controversies, however, allow us to open the black box of sciences and illuminate invisible practices and actants included in traditional sources (Latour, 1999). This paper analyzes the role played by the women scientists working at the National Astronomical Observatory of Chile and discusses the problems and controversies occurred in that institution under the administration of the German astronomer and professor of the University of Chile, Federico Ristenpart (1908-1913). The proposal is part of the Research grant “Looking at the stars of the south of the world: the National Astronomical Observatory of Chile (1852-1927)” (Fondecyt 1170625). The study is based on the revision of the press during that period and of the documents of the National Administration Archive.

Authors

  • Lorena B. Valderrama, Universidad Alberto Hurtado
  • Sanhueza Carlos, Universidad de Chile

Technical appropriation and global circulation of instruments at the National Astronomical Observatory of Chile (1886-1887)

  • In Event: Travelling Knowledge (III): Networks of Scholars and Objects

Sat, September 1, 2:00 to 3:30pm, ICC, C2.6

Abstract

This paper analyzes the debates regarding the maintenance, repair and acquisition of astronomical instruments as a way to better understand the phenomenon of technical appropriation in a peripheral country. The disagreement between José Vergara, director of the National Astronomical Observatory of Chile (NAO), and the second Astronomer of the same institution, Adolf Marcuse, between 1886 and 1887, involved the state and maintenance of an Equatorial, a Meridian Circle and a Comet Seeker. This presentation follows the approach that Simon Schaffer proposed in 2011 to discuss the notion of technology transfer in a global network. Thus, it studies how the use of objects requires not only their maintenance but also their transformation. The controversy offers us the possibility of considering two aspects of this process: first, how worn, rusted and damaged instruments were repaired, which allows us to observe the role of local technicians and workers. Second, how the instruments were adapted to conditions of observation and operation different from those of the northern hemisphere.

Authors

  • Sanhueza Carlos, Universidad de Chile
  • Lorena B. Valderrama, Universidad Alberto Hurtado

***

Cecilia Ibarra, Universidad de Chile

  • Thu, August 30
  • 2:00 to 3:30pm

    ICC, E3.9

    In Open Panel: National Identities and Transnational Science and Technology during the 20th Century: New Challenges
    On Paper Abstract: Transnational science and technology in the development of the Chilean doctoral identities

    Presenter

***

Barbara Silva, Universidad Catolica de Chile

  • Thu, August 30
  • 9:00 to 10:30am

    ICC, E3.9

    In Open Panel: National Identities and Transnational Science and Technology during the 20th Century: Historical Perspectives

    Chair

  • 9:00 to 10:30am

    ICC, E3.9

    In Open Panel: National Identities and Transnational Science and Technology during the 20th Century: Historical Perspectives

    Session Organizer

  • 11:00am to 12:30pm

    ICC, E3.9

    In Open Panel: National Identities and Transnational Science and Technology during the 20th Century: Cold War

    Chair

  • 11:00am to 12:30pm

    ICC, E3.9

    In Open Panel: National Identities and Transnational Science and Technology during the 20th Century: Cold War
    On Paper Abstract: Transnational Science and National Identity Discourses. Cold War Astronomy in Chile in the 1960s.

    Presenter

  • 11:00am to 12:30pm

    ICC, E3.9

    In Open Panel: National Identities and Transnational Science and Technology during the 20th Century: Cold War

    Session Organizer

  • 2:00 to 3:30pm

    ICC, E3.9

    In Open Panel: National Identities and Transnational Science and Technology during the 20th Century: New Challenges

    Chair

  • 2:00 to 3:30pm

    ICC, E3.9

    In Open Panel: National Identities and Transnational Science and Technology during the 20th Century: New Challenges

    Session Organizer

     

    ***

Martin Andrés Perez Comisso, SFIS – Arizona State University

  • Fri, August 31
  • 9:00 to 10:30am

    ICC, C2.5

    In Open Panel: Innovations in Methods and Theory
    On Paper Abstract: The metamodernist paradigm on STS methodologies

    Presenter

***

Gloria Baigorrotegui, Instituto de Estudios Avanzados – Usach

  • Thu, August 30
  • 2:00 to 3:30pm

    ICC, E5.6

    In Traditional (Closed) Panel: Environmental Humanities, Science Studies, and Transdisciplinary Engagement
    On Paper Abstract: “This is not political, it’s technical”: Science, environment, and unions in defense of the public

    Presenter

  • Sat, September 1
  • 2:00 to 3:30pm

    ICC, E5.10

    In Traditional (Closed) Panel: Extractivism, Conservation, Science and Justice: Workshopping Emerging Approaches in Decolonial Science

    Session Organizer

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